Regional Landscape Park “Tyligulskiy”
Ukrainian national parks shows its richness and uniqueness to the world. Ukrainian wildlife it is still not fully known and appreciated source of inspiration. These facts make photo hiking perfectly fascinating on this lands. One of that amazing places is Regional Landscape Park “Tyligulskiy”.
It was created in 1995. It covers the coast and adjacent waters of Tyligulskiy estuary, lands of villages of Berezan area in Mykolaiv region (Tashynka, Krasnopoliye, Anatoliyivka, Chervonoukrayinka, Koblevo). The area of the park is 8195.4 hectares. It’s also includes the ornithological reserve of local importance “Ponyzzya of Tyligulskiy Liman” (“The Lowlands of Tyligulskiy estuary”). The park provides conservation of natural systems, historical and cultural objects of Tyligul. Excellent conditions for organized tourism and recreation, research, promotion of environmental awareness have provided here. This place is perfect for photo hiking.
A unique natural complex Tyligulskiy Estuary was included to the list of wetlands of international importance especially as the environment for waterfowl.
Tyligulskiy estuary is situated on the borders of Mykolaiv and Odessa regions and is considered as one of the clearest estuaries of the north-west of Black Sea seaside. The length of the estuary – 80 km, width – up to 4.5 km, maximum depth – 21.2 m, water clarity – to 7 pm. This is the deepest and most transparent estuary of Mykolaiv region, which is separated from the sea by the wide sand embankment. They connected with an artificial channel only.
Here you can find well preserved natural vegetation: herbaceous marshes, saline grasslands, steppes, trees and bushland. Near Tashynskaya bay and estuary of the river Tsareha is one of the largest in southern Ukraine virgin steppe located. This affected the wealth of flora of the Tyligulskiy Estuary coast, which is about 620 species of vascular plants. This large number of rare and disappearing species is listed in the Red Book of Ukraine: Elveza snowdrop Gymnospermium odessanum, Galanthus elwesii Hook.f., Colchicum ancyrense B.L.Burtt, Orchis palustris, Astrodaucus littoralis (Bieb.), Eremogone cephalotes (M. Bieb.), Pulsatilla nigricans, Stipa capillata, Túlipa schrénkii, Tulipa hypanica Klokov et Zoz, Crocus reticulatus Steven ex Adams, Genista scythica, rnithogalum boucheanum.
Among the plants that require protection – Iris halophila, Clematis integrifolia L., Malus praecox, Adonis vernalis, Thymus moldavicus Klok.et Shost, Valerianastolonifera Czern, Trinia multicaulis Schischk and others.
In the park is growing a lot of west Black Sea and Black Sea seaside endemic species: Astragalus pallescens, Eremogone rigida, Polygala moldavica, Linum linearifolium Lav., Crataegus oxyacantha, Minuartia hypanica Klokov, Jurinea brachycephala Klokov, Centaurea marschalliana Spreng, Phlomis hybrida Zelen.
17 species of vascular plants were found on the left bank of the Estuary. These plants were included to the list of the Red Book of Ukraine, 4 of them – to the European Red List, 7 – the World Red List or Red Data Book of IUCN, 2 more views – to the Bern list.
The presence of a wide range of changes in salinity and level-sensitive regime of Tyligulskiy Estuary led to the formation of complexes of water residents – from freshwater to marine. Overall, in at different periods of the existence of the Estuary 56 species of fish were found there. Today no more than 30 representatives of ichthyofauna live here.
Tyligul is also a place of mass nesting and concentration of birds during seasonal migrations, such as – Sterna hirundo (Common Tern), Tringa totanus (Common Redshank or Redshank), Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet), Himantopus himantopus (The Black-winged Stilt, Common Stilt, or Pied Stilt), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Charadrius dubius (Little Ringed Plover), rarely Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher or Common Pied Oystercatcher, also Oystercatcher) і Glareola pratincola (Collared Pratincole or Common Pratincole), Fulica (Coots), Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard), Anser anser (Greylag Goose, also Graylag), Cygnus olor (Mute Swan), different kinds of herons, Platalea leucorodia (Eurasian Spoonbill or Common Spoonbill) та Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis), Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck), Coracias garrulus (European Roller).
The total number of birds that stop in the passage within the Estuary and its coast sometimes reaches 30,000 individuals. Some birds spend winter here.
During the visit you can see here – Pelecanus onocrotalus (The Great White Pelican), Phalacrocorax pygmeus (Pygmy Cormorant), Ardeola ralloides (Squacco Heron), Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis), Ciconia nigra (Black Stork), Branta ruficollis (Red-breasted Goose), Aythya nyroca (Ferruginous Duck or Ferruginous Pochard), Bucephala clangula (Common Goldeneye), Pandion haliaetus (Osprey), Circus cyaneus (Hen Harrier or Northern Harrier), Buteo rufinus (Long-legged Buzzard), Aquila pomarina (Lesser Spotted Eagle), Haliaeetus albicilla (White-tailed Eagle), Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon), Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon, also Peregrine or Duck Hawk), Grus grus (Common Crane or Eurasian Crane), Gallinago media (Great Snipe), Charadrius alexandrinus (Kentish Plover), Himantopus himantopus (Black-winged Stilt, Common Stilt, also Pied Stilt), Haematopus ostralegus (Eurasian Oystercatcher), Tringa stagnatilis (Marsh Sandpiper), Numenius arquata (Eurasian Curlew), Numenius phaeopus (Whimbrel), Glareola nordmanni (Black-winged Pratincole), Larus ichthyaetus (Pallas’s Gull, also Great Black-headed Gull). These species are in the Red Book of Ukraine and the European Red List. Altogether more than 30 species.
Here under state protection also live such animals as: Xylocopa valga Gerstaecker, 1872, Scolia hirta, Zerynthia polyxena, Iphiclides podalirius, Papilio machaon, Saga pedo Pall (Saga pedo), Calosoma (s.str.) sycophanta (Linnaeus, 1758), Coluber jugularis, Elaphe sauromates (Pallas, 1814), Mustela erminea L.( stoat, ermine or short-tailed weasel), Mustela eversmanni (steppe polecat), Meles meles (European badger), Lutra lutra (European otter, Eurasian river otter, also common otter or Old World otter), etc..
This protected area has also an important cultural value. On the Estuary coast is a chain of settlements of the Late Bronze Age, ancient period, Cherniahivs’ka culture. In the past Tyligul was one of the earliest areas of Ukrainian-Cossack colonization. It was used for fishing and shipping successfully.
Here also the climatic resort “Koblevo” is located. It is also known by its local therapeutic mud. Its rich reserves of mud considered to be the largest in Eastern Europe (14 million tons). These mud are used to treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous system, skin diseases etc..
Tyligulskiy Estuary is a great place not only for beach recreation, amateur fishing and hunting, boat trips, hiking trips and educational tourism – is also an attractive place for scientific expeditions, field practices are excellent conditions for bird watching tour, photo hiking.
Regional Landscape Park “Tyligulskiy” is one of the most interesting European national parks. Ukraine wildlife is an ancient book with its puzzles, amazing discoveries… every page of it is a new world that opens you while visiting National parks in Ukraine.